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我正在编写一个使用Boost库的程序.我在链接和使用程序选项时没有问题,但似乎无法使Boost Log正常工作。 谁能告诉我我想念什么?

jamroot.jam

using clang : : : <compileflags>-Isrc/main/headers <compileflags>-std=c++11 <compileflags>-stdlib=libc++ <linkflags>-std=c++11 <linkflags>-stdlib=libc++ ;
lib boost_program_options boost_log ;
exe foghorn : [ glob src/main/cpp/*.cpp ] boost_program_options boost_log ;

这是我得到的错误:

 "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record_view::public_data::destroy(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record_view::public_data const*)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record::reset() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set::insert(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute const&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::add_attribute_unlocked(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute const&) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::attribute_set_reference_proxy::operator=(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute const&) const in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set::attribute_set(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set const&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::basic_logger(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model> const&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set::attribute_set()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::basic_logger() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set::~attribute_set()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::~basic_logger() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name::get_id_from_string(char const*)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name::attribute_name(char const*) in main.o
  "void boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::init_from_stream<char>(std::__1::basic_istream<char, std::__1::char_traits<char> >&)", referenced from:
      __ZL13gvLoggingInitPKc in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::this_thread::get_id()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_thread_id::impl::dispatch(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::type_dispatcher&) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_thread_id::impl::detach_from_thread() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::this_process::get_id()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_process_id::current_process_id() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::stream_provider<char>::release_compound(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::stream_provider<char>::stream_compound*)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::record_pump<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel> >::auto_release::~auto_release() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::stream_provider<char>::allocate_compound(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::record_pump<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel> >::record_pump(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::get_process_name()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_process_name::current_process_name() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::once_block_sentry::commit()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::lazy_singleton<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_singleton<SLogger>, boost::shared_ptr<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_holder<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel> > > >::get() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::once_block_sentry::rollback()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::once_block_sentry::~once_block_sentry() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::default_attribute_names::severity()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_severity_logger<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>, ESeverityLevel>::basic_severity_logger() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_severity_logger<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>, ESeverityLevel>::basic_severity_logger(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_severity_logger<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>, ESeverityLevel> const&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::unhandled_exception_count()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::record_pump<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel> >::~record_pump() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::record_pump<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel> >::record_pump(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::attach_attribute_name_info(boost::exception&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::value_extractor<ESeverityLevel, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::fallback_to_none, tag::severity>::operator()(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value_set const&) const in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::set_filter(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::filter const&)", referenced from:
      __ZL13gvLoggingInitPKc in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::open_record(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_set const&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::open_record_unlocked<boost::parameter::aux::tagged_argument<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::keywords::tag::severity, ESeverityLevel const> >(boost::parameter::aux::tagged_argument<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::keywords::tag::severity, ESeverityLevel const> const&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::push_record_move(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::push_record_unlocked(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::record&&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::add_global_attribute(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute const&)", referenced from:
      __ZL13gvLoggingInitPKc in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::get()", referenced from:
      __ZL13gvLoggingInitPKc in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::basic_logger() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model>::basic_logger(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::basic_logger<char, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::severity_logger<ESeverityLevel>, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::single_thread_model> const&) in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::global_storage::get_or_init(std::type_info const&, boost::shared_ptr<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_holder_base> (*)())", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_singleton<SLogger>::init_instance() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::get_severity_level()", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::set_value(ESeverityLevel) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::impl::dispatch(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::type_dispatcher&) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::impl::detach_from_thread() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::throw_odr_violation(std::type_info const&, std::type_info const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_holder_base const&)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::logger_singleton<SLogger>::init_instance() in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute::impl::operator delete(void*, unsigned long)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::severity_level() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::impl::~impl() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::impl::detach_from_thread() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::attribute_value_impl<ESeverityLevel>::~attribute_value_impl() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value::impl::~impl() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute::impl::~impl() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_thread_id::current_thread_id() in main.o
      ...
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute::impl::operator new(unsigned long)", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::severity_level() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::sources::aux::severity_level<ESeverityLevel>::impl::detach_from_thread() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_thread_id::current_thread_id() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::current_thread_id::impl::detach_from_thread() in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::constant<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::id<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::process> >::constant(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::id<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::process>&&) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::constant<std::__1::basic_string<char, std::__1::char_traits<char>, std::__1::allocator<char> > >::constant(std::__1::basic_string<char, std::__1::char_traits<char>, std::__1::allocator<char> >&&) in main.o
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::basic_clock<boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attributes::local_time_traits>::basic_clock() in main.o
      ...
  "boost::system::system_category()", referenced from:
      ___cxx_global_var_init2 in main.o
  "boost::system::generic_category()", referenced from:
      ___cxx_global_var_init in main.o
      ___cxx_global_var_init1 in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value_set::end() const", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::value_extractor<ESeverityLevel, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::fallback_to_none, tag::severity>::operator()(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value_set const&) const in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value_set::find(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name) const", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::value_extractor<ESeverityLevel, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::fallback_to_none, tag::severity>::operator()(boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_name const&, boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::attribute_value_set const&) const in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::once_block_sentry::enter_once_block() const", referenced from:
      boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::aux::once_block_sentry::executed() const in main.o
  "boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::core::get_logging_enabled() const", referenced from:
      __ZN5boost3log12v2s_mt_posix7sources22basic_composite_loggerIcNS2_15severity_loggerI14ESeverityLevelEENS2_19single_thread_modelENS2_8featuresIJNS2_8severityIS5_EEEEEE11open_recordINS_9parameter3aux15tagged_argumentINS1_8keywords3tag8severityEKS5_EEEENS1_6recordERKT_ in main.o
ld: symbol(s) not found for architecture x86_64
clang: error: linker command failed with exit code 1 (use -v to see invocation)
    "clang++"   -o "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/foghorn" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/complement.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/degenerate.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/fastq.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/fastq_reader.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/interleave.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/interval_reader.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/interval_reader_test_tool.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/main.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/oligo_designer.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/reference_reader.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/reference_reader_test_tool.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/sequence_utils.o" "bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/src/main/cpp/tool.o"  -lboost_log -lboost_program_options  -g -std=c++11 -stdlib=libc++
...failed clang-darwin.link bin/clang-darwin-4.2.1/debug/foghorn...
...failed updating 1 target...
...updated 13 targets...
最新回答
  • 14天前
    1 #

    我遇到了同样的问题,在我的情况下,问题是我只使用动态库进行了boost编译,却忘记了定义 BOOST_ALL_DYN_LINK

    http://www.boost.org/doc/libs/1_54_0/libs/log/doc/html/log/rationale/namespace_mangling.html

    作为测试,请尝试编译

    http://www.boost.org/doc/libs/1_54_0/libs/log/example/doc/tutorial_fmt_stream.cpp

    #include <boost/log/support/date_time.hpp> 应该添加,示例已损坏。)

    ,还添加 #define BOOST_LOG_DYN_LINK

    我可以用 g++ tutorial_fmt_stream.cpp -Wall -L$BOOST/lib/ -I $BOOST/include/ -pthread -lboost_system -lboost_log_setup -lboost_log -lboost_date_time -lboost_thread -lrt -lboost_filesystem编译示例

  • 14天前
    2 #

    如果您使用的是 cmake 要管理您的动力,别忘了拥有类似的东西:

    add_definitions(-DBOOST_LOG_DYN_LINK)
    

    在你的 CMakeLists.txt

  • 14天前
    3 #

    我遇到了同样的问题,这是一条复杂的链接路径.该消息表明正在尝试与静态库(.... v2s ...)链接,但是链接器仅为其提供动态库(因为它很愚蠢)。

    您构建的Boost可能会同时产生 .so.a 文件,而同时存在这两个文件,gcc会感到困惑。

    我有一个用 CMake建立的图书馆 使用静态Boost库.如果使用 Makefile将该库链接到程序 流程中,程序还需要指定相同的静态Boost库.但是, -l 链接器的选项是模糊的,而不是您的朋友.如果构建的Boost具有静态(.a)和动态(.so)输出,则如果您仅使用 -l,则链接器将首先选择动态(.so)文件。 选项。

    解决方法是不使用 -L-l 选项以查找Boost静态库(因为它将失败),但可以指定Boost库的完整路径.例如,

    gcc .... -L/opt/boost_1.55/lib -lboost_log
    

    更改为

    gcc .... /opt/boost_1.55/lib/libboost_log.a
    

    另一个选择是指定单词 -static 到gcc,但这要求所有库都是静态的,如果您使用boost以外的任何东西(例如librt.so库),可能就无法工作。

  • 14天前
    4 #

    如果使用

    void boost::log::v2s_mt_posix::init_from_stream<char>(std::basic_istream<char, std::char_traits<char> >&)
    

    功能,那么您需要链接

    libboost_log_setup.a
    

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